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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-11

Dental plaque associated with self-ligating brackets during the initial phase of orthodontic treatment: A 3-month preliminary study

Department of Orthodontics, Bneid Al-Gar Specialty Dental Center, Ministry of Health, Kuwait

Correspondence Address:
Saud A Al-Anezi
Department of Orthodontics, Bneid AL-Gar Specialty Dental Center, Ministry of Health, P.O. Box: 11610, Dasma 35156
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2278-0203.127550

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Background: To compare changes in the amount and distribution of dental plaque associated with placement of elastomeric modules over a self-ligating bracket during orthodontic treatment and to relate these changes to the periodontal inflammation. Materials and Methods: A cross-arch randomization trial was carried out at Bristol Dental School, United Kingdom. Clinical measurements of periodontal inflammation and plaque accumulation and microbiological test were done on 24 patients aged 11-14 years [Mean (SD) age = 12.6 (1.01) years] wearing fixed appliances (Damon 2 brackets, Ormco, Orange, CA, USA) at the start and 3 months into fixed orthodontic treatment. Results: In the first 3 months of treatment there was no statistically significant difference in bleeding on probing between incisors with and without elastomeric modules (P = 0.125 and 0.508, respectively). The difference in plaque accumulation was not statistically significant (P = 0.78). The difference in probing depths between the incisors was not statistically significant (P = 0.84). The microbiological analysis showed no difference. Conclusions: Based on this preliminary 3 months study, elastomeric modules were not significantly associated with any increased risk during treatment when compared to self-ligating brackets. The longer term studies are needed to further confirm the findings of the present study.

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