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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20

Ingestion of orthodontic appliances: A literature review


1 Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
2 Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece; Department of Orthodontics, School of Dental Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

Correspondence Address:
Ioanna I Karamani
Dentist, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Thivon, Athens - 11527
Greece
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jos.jos_94_21

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Ingestion is the entry of a substance into the human organism, which occurs by taking it through the mouth into the gastrointestinal tract. One of the adverse events that may happen during the course of an orthodontic treatment is the ingestion of orthodontic appliances. The present review aims to investigate the literature regarding the ingestion of orthodontic appliances. An electronic search was carried out in order to identify case reports of ingestion of foreign objects related to orthodontic treatment in PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science until July 2019.Nineteen articles were retrieved. In these articles, ingestion had occurred inadvertently, due to patients' or orthodontists' errors. Some of the most commonly ingested appliances were molar bands, segments of wire, and expansion keys. It is likely that patients with a specific medical background are more prone to ingestion of orthodontic appliances. Special precautions need be taken in order to avoid such incidents. These precautions are analyzed in three categories: general, those related to fixed appliances, and those related to removable appliances.


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