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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 40

Factors that affect lip changes following incisor retraction in Vietnamese adults with a convex facial profiles

1 Department of Restorative and Esthetic Dentistry, Division of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Van Lang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
2 Department of Pathology and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Van Lang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
3 Oral Biology Programme, Faculty of Dentistry, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

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Phi Tran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jos.jos_174_21

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OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the factors that influence lip change through the results of tooth anterior retraction by fixed orthodontic treatment in Vietnamese adult patients with a convex facial profile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 32 Vietnamese adults who have convex facial profiles. Digital software measurements according to Arnett's analysis and the superimposition method were performed to evaluate the changes in dentoskeletal structures, and soft tissue variables included lip change. A multiple logistic regression model was applied with various explanatory variables to analyze the correlation. RESULTS: The study revealed a strong correlation of lip change at the site of the cervical point and incisal edge of the upper incisors, and the cervical position demonstrated a stronger correlation. The ratio between lip change and incisor retraction in patients is approximately 1:2.3 at the incisal edge and 1:1.3 at the cervical point. CONCLUSION: Lip change was associated with incisor retraction at the cervical and incisal edge, but it did not correlate with the rotation axis of the upper incisors.

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