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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 4

Anthropometric measurements of peri-oral region in a sample of Iraqi thalassemic patients

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Almaaqal University, Basrah, Iraq
2 Department of Oral Diagnosis, College of Dentistry, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq
3 Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Mohammed Nahidh
College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Baghdad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jos.jos_148_21

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OBJECTIVES: Thalassemia, one of the most widespread autosomal recessive disorders, is characterized by anomalies in the synthesis of hemoglobin beta chains and is frequently coupled with variable craniofacial characteristics. Thalassemic patients suffer from severe anemia, which triggers several defense mechanisms in the body, such as bone marrow expansion, which forces the bones to expand, resulting in craniofacial bone deformities. This study aims to assess and compare the orofacial dimensions of β-thalassemia patients with those of a control group across similar ages and gender. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred Iraqi individuals agreed to participate in this study (150 non-thalassemic and 150 thalassemic patients with an equal distribution of genders). A well-trained researcher carried out five anthropometric measurements by using an electronic digital caliper. Gender and group differences were tested using an independent sample t test. RESULTS: Mouth width showed clinical and statistically significant group differences among all measurements in the study group. CONCLUSIONS: All measurements except mouth width showed nonsignificant clinical group differences.

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