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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 30

Assessment and comparison of cranial base morphology in individuals with long face and short face

1 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Manipal College of Dental Science, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Nitte (Deemed to be University), AB Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences (ABSMIDS), Mangalore, Karnataka, India
3 Junior Fellow, Department of Orthodontics, Meenakshi Institute of Craniofacial Surgery, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
4 Private Practitioner, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
K Saidath
Department of Orthodontics, A. B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jos.jos_187_21

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OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study was to assess and compare the cranial base morphology in long face and short face. METHODOLOGY: The study comprises 64 individuals (32 in each group). Group I consists of individual's with long face and group II comprises individuals with short face. Individuals were classified into groups with the help of lateral cephalometric parameters like Gonial Angle, Anterior facial height, Posterior facial height, Jarabak's Ratio, and Y-axis. Linear and angular measurement in the cranial base was taken. RESULT: The results showed statistically significant difference in Sella-Nasion, Sella-Basion and Nasion-Sella-Basion between the two groups. Sella-Spinoethmoidal suture, Nasion-Spinoethmoidal suture, Spinoethmoidal suture-Sella-Basion, Frankfurt Horizontal-Sella-Nasion, Frankfurt horizontal-Sella-Basion, Frankfurt horizontal-Sella-Spinoethmoidal suture showed no statistically significant difference among the groups. CONCLUSION: The study concluded that individuals with long face have a greater Sella-Nasion, Sella-Basion, Nasion-Sella-Basion compared to individuals with short face.

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