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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 41

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the role of nutrition and its impact on orthodontic treatment/management

1 Orthodontic Division, Preventive Dentistry Department, College of Dentistry, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia; Department of Dental Research Cell, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India; Department of Public Health, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Daffodil International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2 Department of Clinical Sciences, Center of Medical and Bio-Allied Health Sciences Research, College of Dentistry, Ajman University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates
3 School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu, Malaysia
4 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Damascus, Damascus, Syria
5 Consultant Orthodontist, Aseer Specialized Dental Center, Abha, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad Khursheed Alam
Orthodontic Division, Preventive Dentistry Department, College of Dentistry, Jouf University, Sakaka

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jos.jos_85_23

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The nutritional needs already increased by adolescent growth, activity, and stress are further exacerbated by the physical, physiological, and psychological stress that orthodontic treatment causes. Hence, the main objective of this systematic review was to analyze the relationship between adequate nutrition and its impact on orthodontic treatment success rates. Using relevant keywords, reference searches, and citation searches, the databases such as PubMed–Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Web of Science, Cochrane, and Scopus were all searched. “Diet,” “Minerals,” “Nutrition,” “Orthodontics,” and “Vitamins” were the search terms used to scour the database. The 10 studies selected for the systematic review and subsequent meta-analysis could not conclusively establish the correlation between proper nutrition and its impact on orthodontic treatment of the patient. There was virtually little connection between patients' dietary intake and the effectiveness of their orthodontic treatment. Additionally, a direct causal link between the two could not be established legitimately because the majority of the studies reviewed only noted an impact during the early stages of the treatment. PROSPERO Registration Number: CRD42022380828

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