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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 44

Nickel and copper ion release, deflection and the surface roughness of copper-nickel-titanium orthodontic archwire in sodium fluoride solution

1 Department of Orthodontic, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Sumatera Utara, North Sumatera, Indonesia
2 Department of Dental Material, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Sumatera Utara Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia
3 Professional Student, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Erliera Sufarnap
Jl. Alumni No. 2 Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, North Sumatera
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jos.jos_92_22

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OBJECTIVE: Sodium fluoride (NaF) is commonly used in oral hygiene products, leading to corrosion and reduced archwire properties. In addition, ion release can cause allergies and become toxic to the oral environment. This research aimed to observe the Nickel (Ni) and Copper (Cu) ions released that affected initial corrosion as deflection and surface roughness changed in the Copper-Nickel-Titanium (CuNiTi) archwire. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The total samples were 54 copper-nickel-titanium (CuNiTi-Tanzo, American orthodontic®) archwires immersed in three solutions. Artificial saliva was used in the control group NaF 0.05%, and a NaF 0.15% solution was used in the intervention groups (n = 6). The groups were divided into three observation times (two, four, and six weeks). Cu and Ni ions released, deflection, the surface roughness of the archwires, and solution acidities were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: Ni and Cu ion release and surface roughness of the CuNiTi archwires significantly increased as the NaF concentration increased. The Ni ion release improved along the immersion period; the opposite was true for the Cu ion release. The solutions became more alkaline after the CuNiTi archwires were immersed. The pH and the archwires' deflections of the three solutions did not show significant differences. CONCLUSION: The NaF increased Cu-Ni ion release and surface roughness but not the deflection force of the CuNiTi. The increase was affected by the concentration and duration of immersion.

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