Year : 2023 | Volume
: 12 | Issue : 1 | Page : 60-
Prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs among adolescents in Najran City, Saudi Arabia
Dhafer Alyami1, Adel Alharbi2, Yousef Hatan3, Yahya M Asiri3, Hussein Alharthy4, Yahya Abdullah Alogaibi5
1 Department of Orthodontics, Specialized Dental Center, Ministry of Health, Najran, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Orthodontics & Pedodontics, College of Dentistry, Qassim University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
3 Ministry of Health, Abha, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Pedodontics, Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Orthodontics, Ministry of Health, Abha, Saudi Arabia
AIM: To determine the prevalence of malocclusions and the need for orthodontic treatment in a sample of school-going adolescents in the Najran city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).
METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 1094 school-going Saudi male adolescents. The age range of the sampled adolescents was 13–18 years, and none of them had any history of orthodontic treatment. A survey chart related to malocclusion was designed and filled up after clinical examination by a single experienced and calibrated examiner. The need for orthodontic treatment was assessed using the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN).
RESULT: The present study's findings demonstrated 61.2% of the samples with Angle's Class I malocclusions, 27.5% with Class II, and 11.4% of samples with Class III malocclusion. A significant difference was observed between the different classes of malocclusion (P < 0.001). Most samples presented normal overjet, crossbite, and no reverse overjet, deep bite, or open bite. The number of samples with no treatment need was 573 (52.37%), with slight treatment in 185 (16.91%) samples, moderate treatment needs in 123 (11.24%) samples, and severe and extreme treatment needs were 109 (9.96%) and 104 (9.50%), respectively. A significant difference was observed between the samples with no or slight treatment need (grades 1 and 2), moderate need (grade 3), and definite treatment need (grades 4 and 5) (p < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of malocclusion and IOTNs among the sample of school-going adolescents in the Najran city was 47.63%. However, 9.63% of those samples required immediate attention for orthodontic treatment.
Yahya Abdullah Alogaibi
Department of Orthodontics, Ministry of Health, Abha
|How to cite this article:|
Alyami D, Alharbi A, Hatan Y, Asiri YM, Alharthy H, Alogaibi YA. Prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs among adolescents in Najran City, Saudi Arabia.J Orthodont Sci 2023;12:60-60
|How to cite this URL:|
Alyami D, Alharbi A, Hatan Y, Asiri YM, Alharthy H, Alogaibi YA. Prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs among adolescents in Najran City, Saudi Arabia. J Orthodont Sci [serial online] 2023 [cited 2023 Sep 25 ];12:60-60
Available from: https://www.jorthodsci.org/article.asp?issn=2278-0203;year=2023;volume=12;issue=1;spage=60;epage=60;aulast=Alyami;type=0